10 ’Omics You Need To Know

Confused by the proliferation of ‘omics but don’t want to be left behind? Fret not, Asian Scientist Magazine has got you covered with our handy explainer on the hottest ‘omics around.


Credit: Libertas Academica/Flickr/CC
Credit: Libertas Academica/Flickr/CC

Material studied: Proteins
Methods used: Mass spectrometry, differential in-gel electrophoresis

Ribosomes, the protein-making machinery of our cells, convert genetic information encoded by messenger RNA into proteins. Enzymes in the cell can further modify proteins, tacking on chemical groups that fine-tune their function. Proteomics examines not only identify proteins in the system, but also their abundance, modifications and interactions with other proteins.

High-throughput approaches such as mass spectrometry and protein microarrays allow the proteome to be studied on a large scale, and have been used to identify protein biomarkers for the diagnosis of disease.

Shuzhen received a PhD degree from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, USA, where she studied the immune response of mosquito vectors to dengue virus.

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