The fibers in bamboo are distributed to maximize flexural rigidity with the smallest volume of wood material possible.
High speed cameras and uv-cured resin used in nail art have come together to help scientists understand what makes ladybug wings both strong and foldable.
Researchers have created synthetic nacre, or mother-of-pearl, that forms in mere weeks instead of months or years.
Researchers have designed adhesive pads that mimic the suckers on octopus tentacles.
The mussel's incredible ability to adhere to surfaces has inspired a biologically active molecule that can tightly bind to titanium, which is commonly used in medical implants.
Inspired by the Mimosa plant's folding response to touch, researchers have engineered a material that folds when in contact with water.
3D-printing gyroid structures, inspired by the wing structure of a green hairstreak butterfly, could help make more compact light-based electronics.
Professor Jiang Lei, director of the Technical Institute of Physics and Chemistry at the Chinese Academy of Sciences, has been awarded the 2016 Nikkei Asia Prize.
The natural world is filled with strange, fascinating structures that are stronger, more flexible and more resilient than anything humans can make.