AsianScientist (Dec. 7, 2015) – New research suggests that other mammals see the world the same way humans do. In a study published in Biology Letters, researchers from Japan and France report that the eye view of ponies, dolphins, chimps, and humans are surprisingly similar despite having evolved in different environments.
Lead author Associate Professor Masaki Tomonaga of Kyoto University said that mammals had developed various degrees of reliance on vision, just as they had adapted to various natural environments, ranging from underwater to land to tree canopies.
“Humans, for instance, live on land and rely heavily on their sense of vision. On the other hand, other mammals like horses have evolved to have a wide visual field, but with less acuity than ours. We wanted to investigate what it was that other mammals were seeing,” explained Tomonaga.
In the study, the researchers used touchscreens to test the visual perception of three ponies, named Ponyo, Nemo, and Thomas.
The ponies were shown two shapes on the touchscreen, one of which the researchers arbitrarily decided was correct. The ponies received a carrot piece as a reward when they tapped their muzzle on the ‘right’ answer.
The researchers then compared the results with studies on dolphins, chimpanzees, and humans. Taken together, the studies implied that these four mammals thought the same sort of shapes were similar.
“It’s remarkable that mammals, even with these differences in physical appearance and living environments, evolved to have the same sort of visual perception,” Tomonaga said.
The next step for Tomonaga and his team would be to understand how the animals interpret what they saw through their eyes.
“Perception and cognition, that is, making use of sensory information to understand the world, are separate processes. Ultimately, I think we can use this finding as a starting point to understand what goes on in the minds of mammals,” he said.
The article can be found at: Tomonaga et al. (2015) A Horse’s Eye View: Size and Shape Discrimination Compared with Other Mammals.
Source: Kyoto University.
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