No Link Between Vaccination And Autism

A comprehensive review of studies involving more than 1.2 million children has shown that there is no link between vaccination and autism.

AsianScientist (May 20, 2014) – The first systematic international review of childhood vaccinations has found no evidence of a link to the development of autism or autism spectrum disorders (ASDs).

The comprehensive review, published in medical journal Vaccine, examined five cohort studies involving more than 1.25 million children and an additional five case-control studies involving more than 9,920 children obtained via systematic searches of international medical databases MEDLINE, PubMed, EBASE and Google Scholar up to April 2014.

Both the cohort and case-control studies revealed no statistical data to support a relationship between childhood vaccination for the commonly-used vaccines for measles, mumps, rubella, diphtheria, tetanus and whooping cough and the development of autism or ASDs.

Paper senior author Associate Professor Guy Eslick from the University of Sydney Medical School said these vaccines were the ones which had received the most attention by anti-vaccination groups.

“A rising awareness of autism cases and the claimed, but not proven, link to childhood vaccinations has led to both an increased distrust in the trade off between vaccine benefit outweighing potential risks and an opportunity for disease resurgence,” Eslick said.

“This is especially concerning given the fact that there have been 11 measles outbreaks in the US since 2000, and New South Wales also saw a spike in measles infections from early 2012 to late 2012.

“Vaccine-preventable diseases clearly still hold a presence in modern day society, and the decision to opt out of vaccination schedules needed to be urgently and properly evaluated.”

Eslick said that there had been no quantitative data analysis of any relationship between autism, autism spectrum disorders and childhood vaccinations up till now.

“Our review is the first to do so, and we found no statistical evidence to support this idea,” he said.

“Our extensive international review found childhood vaccinations including measles, mumps, rubella, diphtheria, tetanus and whooping cough are not associated with the development of autism or an autism-spectrum disorder.

The increase in parents deciding not to vaccinate their children has substantially decreased ‘herd immunity’ among populations, subsequently increasing the risk of catching potentially more serious infectious diseases. The risks incurred by not immunizing a child is increasing substantially as the level of immunization coverage in the population falls.

“The data consistently shows the lack of evidence for an association between autism, autism spectrum disorders and childhood vaccinations, regardless of whether the intervention was through combination vaccines (MMR) or one of its components, providing no reason to avoid immunization on these grounds,” Eslick said.

The article can be found at: Taylor et al. (2014) Vaccines are not associated with autism: An evidence-based meta-analysis of case-control and cohort studies.


Source: University of Sydney; Photo: Xue Rui/Flickr/CC.

Disclaimer: This article does not necessarily reflect the views of AsianScientist or its staff.

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